# Relational Operators in C

Introduction:

In the realm of programming, relational operators play a vital role in decision-making and control flow. In the C programming language, mastering relational operators is key to creating effective and efficient code. This comprehensive article delves into the world of relational operators in C, providing you with a thorough understanding of their functions and applications.

Demystifying Relational Operators

Begin by understanding the fundamental purpose of relational operators. These operators are used to compare values and establish relationships between variables.

A Closer Look at Relational Operators

In all programming languages you will find relational operators. Relational operators are used to checks the relationship between two operands. There are six relational operators in C programming language.

Now, let’s see the relational operators in C:

1. Equal To (`==`): Explore how the equal to operator checks whether two values are equal.
2. Not Equal To (`!=`): Understand how the not equal to operator determines if two values are not equal.
3. Greater Than (`>`): Delve into the greater than operator’s role in comparing values.
4. Less Than (`<`): Explore how the less than operator assesses whether one value is smaller than another.
5. Greater Than or Equal To (`>=`): Discover how the greater than or equal to operator checks if a value is greater than or equal to another.
6. Less Than or Equal To (`<=`): Uncover how the less than or equal to operator determines if a value is less than or equal to another.

Boolean Results and Control Flow

Understand how the results of relational operations are boolean values (`1` for true and `0` for false), which are crucial for making decisions in your code.

Combining Relational Operators

1. Logical AND (`&&`): Learn how to combine relational operators using the logical AND operator for complex conditions.
2. Logical OR (`||`): Explore the usage of the logical OR operator to create alternative conditions.

Conditional Statements

1. if Statements: Discover how `if` statements use relational operators to control the execution of code blocks based on conditions.
2. Switch Statements: Understand how `switch` statements can use relational operators to compare a variable against multiple possible values.

Real-world Examples

Explore practical examples that showcase how relational operators can be employed in solving everyday programming challenges.

Common Pitfalls and Best Practices

1. Operator Precedence: Learn about operator precedence and how it can affect the evaluation of complex conditions.
2. Avoiding Assignment Mistakes: Be cautious to avoid accidentally using the assignment operator `=` instead of the equality operator `==.`

C program code with relational operators:

```#include
void main()
{
int x=5;
int y=6;
if (x<=5 && y<=5)
printf("inputs are ok");
else
printf("inputs are not ok");
}

Output:

inputs are ok
```

Conclusion:

Relational operators form the bedrock of decision-making in the C programming language. By mastering these operators, you unlock the ability to create efficient, logical, and precise code that performs as intended.